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Cyclones

Quick overview

A few facts on cyclones and typhoons

  • Every year cyclones result in more victims than any other natural disaster. Cyclones can have different names according to their strength and location, hurricanes being the most powerful form of all tropical cyclones. They generate winds higher than 74 mph (119 km per hour), rain and floods and other atmospheric hazards.
  • Cyclone seasons

  • Today’s technologies allow meteorologists to forecast cyclones somewhat in advance. Furthermore, tropical cyclones occur in definite regions of the world at predictable times, even if exceptions remain possible:

  • On the East African coast from November to April

    In Northern India from April to June and from November to April

    In the Pacific and South East Asia from May to November

    In the Far East, South Pacific and Australia from November to April

    In the Atlantic and Caribbean from June to November.

    Preventive measures

  • Make sure that you are not traveling to the region during the cyclonic season. Prepare an evacuation plan and be ready to leave your accommodation at any moment. Ask locals about possible safe places. Monitor local media and get ready to leave the premises in case you receive an evacuation order. When a cyclone is approaching, store food and water for a few days. Bear in mind that airports and hotels may close if a cyclone approaches.
  • How to react

    During a cyclone

  • First of all, try to stay calm. If communications systems are still working, monitor local media to get up-to-date information. Evacuate immediately if asked to do so. If asked to remain in your accommodation, keep away from windows and doors. Go to an interior room on the lowest level of the building (winds are stronger at higher altitudes) and do not move.
  • The center of a cyclone is called the "eye", in which no wind blows. Therefore if the wind stops, wait for official confirmation that the storm is over. Wind may resume blowing in the opposite direction.
  • After a cyclone

  • If you are indoors, stay inside until officially informed that the cyclone is over. If you are evacuated, wait for official orders before going back to your accommodation. Wait for official clearance before drinking tap water. You may have to use boiled water, as cyclones usually destroy water supplies and sanitation infrastructures.
  • Check to make sure there are no gas leaks. If you notice the smell of gas, open the windows, and leave the premises. If possible, cut the gas tap and call special services. Check electrical installations. If you notice sparks, stripped wires or a burnt smell, turn off electricity and call special services. Check that there are no damages to water or sewage pipes. If you suspect any damage, do not use the bathrooms or tap water and call a plumber. If the cyclone caused a flood, follow Netglobers instructions related to floods.
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