When traveling to a foreign country, it is always best to know if there are any health risks or alerts posted for the country to which you will be traveling. For example, certain fevers associated with mosquito bites are more common in some parts of the world than others. And there are contagious diseases caused by viruses that could easily be sidestepped by getting preventive shots before leaving on your trip. Travelers are advised to be aware of the following diseases.
AIDS (Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome) results from an infection from the HIV, a
retrovirus which attacks the immune system. AIDS itself is the final stage of the infection.
Avian flu is an infection caused by bird flu viruses, which occurs
naturally among birds. Wild birds worldwide carry the viruses in their intestines, but do not get usually
sick from them. However, avian flu is very contagious among birds and can prove lethal for domesticated
Dengue fever is a mosquito-borne infection that causes a severe flu-like illness as well as
potentially lethal complications, such as dengue haemorrhagic fever (DHF).
Influenza A/H1N1 is a highly contagious respiratory disease caused
by type A influenza viruses.
Malaria is caused by a blood-borne parasite which is transmitted
to humans through mosquito bites. This serious infectious disease, present mainly in tropical areas,
is characterised by high fevers and chills.