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Main health risks for Myanmar

Main health risks for Myanmar

Diseases transmitted by insects or animals

Malaria is present in the country, in rural areas (no risk in Yangon and Mandalay). Strains are highly resistant to chloroquine (zone 3).

Mosquito-borne diseases are frequent. Dengue fever cases are on the rise each year during the rain season, from May to October. Symptoms are fever, headache, rash, muscle and joint pain, nausea and, in severe cases, hemorrhagic manifestations. In 2009, more than 3,120 dengue cases were reported (37 deaths). From January to June 2010, 990 cases (6 of them lethal) have been identified countrywide.

Cases of chikungunya and Japanese encephalitis may also be reported. Both are mosquito-borne disease. Chikungunya's symptoms are fever, headache, muscle and joint pain, nausea and, in severe cases, the pain associated with the infection of the joints persists for weeks or months. Most infected people by Japanese encephalitis, develop mild symptoms (fever, headache) or no symptoms at all. For people who develop a more severe form of the disease, Japanese encephalitis usually starts as a flu-like illness but may cause confusion and lead to severe neurological damage, such as paralysis and eventually death.

The country has been affected by the epizootic of avian flu ; nevertheless, from 2003 to 2010, only one case of human transmission has been reported in the state of Shan in 2007.

There are cases of animal rabies.

Main health risks for Myanmar

Diseases transmitted by food, water or through the environment

Diarrheic diseases are very common, due to bacterias, amoebaes or parasites.

Avoid bathing in fresh water (rivers, lakes), due to the risk of leptospirosis.

Main health risks for Myanmar

Diseases transmitted by contact with infected people

HIV prevalence is sizable; according to UNAIDS, 1% of the adult population (15-49) is HIV-positive in Myanmar.

Emergency numbers

Police

Firemen

Medical emergency

In Myanmar, you can call the firemen by dialing 191, the police and medical emergency services by dialing 199.

Firemen: 191 Police / ambulances: 199
Health infrastructures
Main health risks for Myanmar

General conditions

Doctors are qualified but health infrastructures are ill-equipped, especially outside the capital city. In case of a serious medical problem, it is recommended to go to Thailand or Singapore.

Main health risks for Myanmar

Hospitals in Yangon

Academy Private Hospital, 335 Lower Kyee Myin Daing Road, Htar Nar Ward: phone + 95 1 229 746

Australian Embassy Health Clinic, 62 U Wisara Road, Dagon Township: phone + 95 1 531342

Home Medicare Service Clinic, No. 30 Shwe Taung Tan Street, Lanmadaw Township: phone + 95 1 225791, fax + 95 1 225 791

Pacific Medical Center, 81 Kaba Aye Pagoda Road, Bahan: phone + 95 1 548022, fax 95 1 542979

Main health risks for Myanmar

Hospitals in Mandalay

Mandalay General Hospital, 30th Street between 74th Street and 77th Street: phone + 95 2 21041

Universities Hospital, Aung Mingala Ward, University Estate: phone + 95 2 21805

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